Steven B. Carswell, Ph.D.

Managing Partner/Senior Research Scientist

Ph.D., Sociology – Stratification and Social Inequality, American University


Research Interests

Dr. Carswell’s research focuses on the relationship between individual, social, and community risk and protective factors and the incidence and prevalence of youth and adult involvement in health-compromising behaviors. He has experience developing and evaluating behavioral intervention programs aimed at preventing and/or reducing youth and adult involvement in delinquent and criminal activities, illicit substance use, and risky sexual behaviors. He conducts grant reviews for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and manuscript reviews for prominent journals. Currently, Dr. Carswell’s work is focused on the development, implementation, and evaluation of technology-based interventions designed to improve substance abuse treatment including software programs, web-based platforms, and mobile applications.

In 2012, Dr. Carswell co-founded COG Analytics (COG) with Drs. Obermayer and Gryczynski and Friends Research Institute (FRI), to develop technology-based interventions designed to promote human health and reduce health disparities in disadvantaged populations. As Managing Partner of COG, Dr. Carswell is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operations of the small business.

In addition to his work at COG, he is also Vice President (VP) of FRI. In his position as VP, and in collaboration with the President, Medical Director, and Chief Operating Officer, he is jointly responsible for the oversight and management of FRI. He assists in the development of short and long-term strategic plans, policies, and procedures designed to improve FRI’s research, clinical, and grants management infrastructure.

Selected Publications

Carswell, S.B., Alexander, K., Gryczynski, J., Knowlton, A.R., Abatemarco, D.J., Horodyski, A.M., & Mitchell, M.M. (in press). Mindfulness-based mobile application for African American caregivers. Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science.
Carswell, S.B., Gordon, M.S., Gryczynski, J., Horodyski, A.M., Ferguson, K.N., Maher, K.M., & Vocci, F.J. (in press). The daily progress system – A recovery support tool to improve engagement and retention in outpatient substance use treatment. Journal of Substance Use. DOI: 10.1080/14659891.2023.2261036.
Carswell SB, Gordon MS, Gryczynski J, Taxman FS, Schadegg M, Ferguson KN, Maher KM (2022). Continuing care app for probationers and parolees with substance use disorders. Journal of Drug Education, 51. (1-2), 32-48, DOI 10.1177/00472379221111.
Gryczynski J, Sanchez K, Carswell SB & Schwartz RP (2022). Development, feasibility, and preliminary validation of a Spanish language version of the TAPS Tool for substance use screening in primary care. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice,. 17(S1), 33.
Sanchez, K., Gryczynski, J., Carswell, S.B., & Schwartz, R.P. (2021). Development and feasibility of a Spanish language version of the Tobacco, Alcohol, Prescription Drug, and Illicit Substance Use (TAPS) Tool. Journal of Addiction Medicine. 15(1),61–67.
Carswell SB, Mitchell SG, Gryczynski J, & Lertch, E (2020). Computerizing NIAAA's best practices for youth screening and brief intervention: A proof of concept pilot study of an automated alcohol screening and intervention resource tool. The Journal of Drug Education. 49(1-2), 3–14.
Mitchell, M.M., Mendelson, J. Gryczynski, J., Carswell, S.B., & Schwartz, R.P. (2019). A novel telehealth platform for alcohol use disorder treatment: Preliminary evidence of reductions in drinking. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. DOI: 10.1080/00952990.2019.1658197.
Gordon MS, Crable EL, Carswell SB, Leopold J, Hodo-Powell J, McKenzie M, and Rich JD (2018). A randomized controlled trial of intensive case management (Project Bridge) for HIV-infected probationers and parolees. AIDS and Behavior. 22(3):1030-1038. doi: 10.1007/s10461-017-2016-y. PMID: 29273946.
Gryczynski J, Carswell SB, (2018). Gender and ethnic differences in primary care patients' response to computerized vs. in-person brief intervention for illicit drug misuse. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 84:50-56. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2017.10.009. Epub 2017 Nov 7. PMID: 29195593.
Carswell SB, Gordon MS, Gryczynski J, and Tangires S (2018). The daily progress system: A proof of concept pilot study of a recovery support technology tool for outpatient substance abuse treatment. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. Published online: 30 May 2018.
Gordon MS, Carswell SB, Peters EN, Tangires S, Kinlock TW, Vocci FJ, and Restivo L (2017). Avatar assisted therapy: A novel technology-based Intervention to treat substance use disorders. In Pam Lassiter (ed.), Annual Review of Addictions and Offender Counseling: Best Practices III. (p 97 - 114). Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock Publishers.
Gordon MS, Carswell SB, Schadegg M, Mangen K, Merkel K, Tangires S, Vocci FJ (2017). Avatar-assisted therapy: a proof-of-concept pilot study of a novel technology-based intervention to treat substance use disorders. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 43(5):518-524. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2017.1280816.
Gordon MS, Carswell SB, Wilson M, Kinlock TW, Restivo LL, McKenzie M, Rich JD, (2016). Factors Associated With Receiving Rapid HIV Testing Among Individuals on Probation or Parole. Journal of Correctional Health Care. 22(4):290-299. PMID: 27742854.
Carswell SB, Hanlon TE, O’Grady KE, Watts AM (2014). Correlates of risky sexual activity for urban African American youth in an alternative education program. Education and Urban Society. 46(4), 434-449. doi:10.1177/0013124512458119.
Carswell SB, Hanlon TE, Watts A, O’Grady KE (2014). Prevention-related research targeting African American alternative education program students. Education and Treatment of Children. 46(4), 434-449. doi:10.1177/0013124512458119.
Carswell SB, Hanlon TE, O’Grady KE, Watts A, Pothhong P (2009). A preventive intervention program for urban African American youth attending an alternative education program: Background, implementation, and feasibility.  Education and Treatment of Children.
Hanlon TE, Simon BD, O’Grady KE, Carswell SB, Callaman JM (2009). The effectiveness of an after-school program targeting urban African American youth. Education and Urban Society.
Carswell SB (2007). Delinquency Among African American Youth: Parental Attachment, Socioeconomic Status, and Peer Relationships. New York: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC.
Carswell SB, and Carswell MA (2007). Meeting the physical, psychological, and social needs of African Americans following a disaster. In A. Marsella, J. Johnson, P. Watson, & J. Gryczynski (Eds.). Ethnocultural Perspectives on Disaster and: Foundations, Issues, and Applications. (pp. 39-71). New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.
Hanlon TE, Carswell SB, and Rose M (2007). Research on the caretaking of children of incarcerated parents: Findings and their service delivery implications. Children and Youth Services Review. 29, 348-362. [PMCID: PMC2031863].
Hanlon TE, Bateman RW, O’Grady KE, Simon BD, and Carswell SB (2004). Antecedents and correlates of deviant activity in urban youth manifesting behavioral problems. Journal of Primary Prevention. 24, 285-310.
Hanlon TE, Bateman RW, Simon BD, O’Grady KE, and Carswell SB (2002). An early community-based intervention for the prevention of substance abuse and other delinquent behavior. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 31, 459-471.
Battjes RJ, Carswell SB (2002). Federal drug abuse treatment research priorities. In C. Leukefeld, F. Tims, & D. Farabee (Eds.). Clinical and policy responses to drug offenders. (pp. 348-361). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.